The climate and special features shared by Vaucluse, Provence, and more generally much of the Mediterranean coastal area have encouraged a recognized approach to preserving the environment. Vaucluse has wisely associated its economic development with sustainable practices.

Historically, our industrial and agricultural development was based on our abundant water resources. Outstanding for the number of its natural springs, Vaucluse has worked to preserve this resource.

The region’s attraction for tourists and the seasonal fluctuations of this activity have contributed to the development of new systems for effluent treatment, air quality and waste management.



  • PACA is the 4th-ranked region in France for eco-industries
  • 12 500 jobs (estimation)
  • 500 enterprises have their main or secondary activity related to the environment
  • 60 tertiary training courses in the environment and sustainable development fields



Vaucluse in Provence, home to a swarm of eco-technologies

Competitiveness centers / clusters :

  • Mondial EAU – World WATER Center
  • TRIMATEC center: industrial eco-technologies
  • SAFE center: Security and Aerospace actors for the Future of Earth
  • EA-Ecoenterprises Cluster

Specialized organizations :

  • 4 668 associations in the environment sector,
  • of which over 200 are devoted to protection of the environment
  • PACA: ranked 2nd in France for the number of environment protection associations



Water in Vaucluse : from ancient time to future generations
One of Vaucluse’s greatest assets is its abundance of water – rivers, springs and snow melt from the Alps (Durance River). Over the centuries, many irrigation schemes have been built to profit from this, particularly in channeling the water from the Alps and the Durance River to the driest areas.

Just one example: the village of Fontaine de Vaucluse, known for its tourist attractions, is built near the only outlet for an underground basin measuring 1 100 km2, one of the largest karstic aquifers in the world. It is the largest freshwater upwelling in France, and 5th in the world in terms of flow rate.

Waste management in Vaucluse
One of the main concerns for waste management companies is to limit the distances between the collection site and the treatment facility. Its geostrategic position and communication infrastructures mean Vaucluse has been able to considerably reduce these distances.

Apart from the usual household trash, the types of waste treated in Vaucluse depend on different economic activities :
the food industry generates by-products which can contribute to new high added value products

  • agriculture : the biomass has the advantage of being identifiable, quantifiable, and mobilizable. New activities are developing to create value from wood energies and methanization, or in materials for construction and insulation
  • construction and minerals: international-level players and considerable resources (gypsum, silica, ochre …)
  • paper and corrugated cardboard packaging - an industry with a long history in Vaucluse.